Pattern numbers occur on most Doulton ware and can be used to establish the date
a pattern was first introduced. Some patterns, however, were long-lived and whilst
the pattern number can establish the earliest possible date of a piece, the date
of last use of a pattern is seldom if ever known.
The A- and C-series earthenware and bone china date from the early years of the Burslem
factory and although not rare are seldom seen.
The ‘D’, ‘E’, ‘H’ and ‘V’ series patterns on earthenware and bone china date from
about 1900 and encompass the collectible Doulton art nouveau and deco-style shapes
English Translucent China, later termed ‘Fine China’ is a translucent white porcelain
manufactured without the use of bone ash (and thus is not ‘bone china’). It was
a Doulton technical innovation introduced in 1960 as a fine china product that could
be manufactured at substantially lower cost than bone china. Fine China is now the
predominant Doulton body.
Other pattern numbers
To cope with their enormous output, Doulton used both in-house and freelance designers
and painters, and in some cases these decorators also added pattern numbers to the
wares. The best know is Robert Allen who added a ‘Ra’ number to wares decorated for
Doulton in his design studio. The Robert Allen numbers are covered in more detail
Pattern numbers prefixed by ‘HB’ or ‘BB’ are probably the work of Herbert Betteley,
a Doulton designer and artist from 1886 to about 1930. There may be other artists
who also marked their work.
The Burslem ware is exceptionally diverse and there are at least seven series of
patterns, each with an alphabetical prefix (A, C, D, E, H, V & TC) followed by three
or four numbers.
The same basic pattern may occur with multiple pattern numbers. A good example is
‘Tango’ which can be found with at least six different pattern numbers.
‘Tango’ was released in 1934 on bone china with four colourways: V1481 (Gold band
and black lines), V1482 (Black, Gold and Red), V1483 (Pale Blue band and Red lines),
and V1484 (Green, Black and Red). Later, the pattern appeared on earthenware (D5505),
and even later on another bone china shape (V 2353).
For the Doulton (Burslem) wares the series are:
‘Tango’ (V2353) was released in about 1948. On bone china with a gold band and handle,
this shape and pattern would have been targeted to an affluent and conservative market.